Core Values of Prout


P. R. Sarkar, who formulated the Progressive Utilization Theory (Prout), wrote in 1985:

“All expressions in this universe are divided into three strata – physical, psychic and spiritual – and not a single stratum among them is unimportant or negligible. For the integrated development of this world, we want all three of these strata to be properly developed, and their speed to be accelerated.”

Prout’s economy is based upon this understanding of the universe—the idea that every object and entity is composed of these three strata or spheres, whether expressed or unexpressed. Human existence is also composed of three layers—our bodies, minds, and spirits. Satisfying the needs and longings of each one defines human life. In the physical stratum, we require proper and sufficient food, shelter, clothing, medical care, and other basic requirements. In the psychic or mental sphere, our minds need opportunity to expand and develop knowledge, creativity, emotional intelligence, intuition, and other higher faculties. Spiritually, we yearn for a deeper connection with ourselves and the universe and to achieve a lasting inner peace and happiness.

Any economy which caters primarily to only one or two of these strata results in unmet human needs and an imbalanced society. In our current material-oriented world, many people are not even able to meet their physical needs, let alone achieve mental and spiritual advancement. Through a coordinated development in all three strata—an integrated development—Prout aims to build a healthy, harmonious society capable of satisfying all human needs.


In modern society,



Prout’s neo-humanist vision recognizes that all human beings are collectively the stewards of the earth and its resources. This is our universal birth right as well as our responsibility. Sarkar termed this concept our “cosmic inheritance.” These resources, these commons, belong to all, and hence society must develop policies and laws to protect these commons and to utilize them in a sustainable manner for the wellbeing of present and future generations.

“According to PROUT, human society is one and indivisible. Human society is just like a garland that is made of different types of flowers, woven together by one common thread. The overall beauty of the garland is dependent upon the beauty of each flower. Likewise, each strata of society must be equally strengthened if we are to maintain the unity and solidarity of society.” ​ – P R Sarkar

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